Mango trees prefer warm, frost-free climates, so are suitable for growing in tropical, subtropical, or warm temperate zones. Position in full sun and protect from strong winds.
Plant a mango tree in moist, well-draining soil enriched with Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. If the soil is made up of clay or does not drain well, improve the soil by adding in gypsum and organic matter. Repeat this throughout the year to continually improve the soil. If the soil is too hard to work with or you do not have the space, consider planting in a pot filled with quality potting mix, like Yates Premium Potting Mix.
Feed a mango tree from late spring to autumn with Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver and Plant Fertiliser. When the tree starts to product fruit – normally in its third or fourth year – supplement feeding with Yates Thrive Citrus & Fruit Liquid Plant Food.
Water regularly until established. Once established, mangoes are rather tolerant of dry conditions and can typically rely on seasonal rainfall for water. Mulch well around the base of the tree with an organic mulch, to help retain soil moisture. If there are extended dry periods, especially when flowering or fruiting, water deeply to help reduce drought stress.
Mangoes are generally ready for harvest when the skin changes from green to a dull yellow or orange and the red blush intensifies. Wear gloves and use a pair of secateurs to cut the stems holding the fruit, taking care to avoid the sap from dripping onto the mango skin or contacting your skin. The sap can be a skin irritant and can cause mild dermatitis or severe burning sensations. Wash off any sap immediately under running water and seek further medical advice, if necessary.
Once the tree reaches over 1 m tall, cut it back to 0.6–0.7 m. Do this in spring or summer and this will help encourage multiple branching and a strong, open framework for a healthy tree. As the branches develop from the main stem, choose four-to-five strong branches, ensuring they fan out like an open vase and remove the rest. This will ensure sunlight and air is well-circulated within the canopy.
Over the next couple of years, tip prune each of the main limbs in summer to encourage branching. Once the tree starts to produce fruit – normally in its third or fourth year – wait until after fruiting finishes before pruning the tips, cutting away dead or dying branches, and removing any upward growth.
After pruning, spread compost and Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser around the base of the tree and water in well.
Pests and diseases
The most common disease of mangoes is anthracnose and bacterial black spot. Both these diseases are prevalent in wet conditions but can be managed with preventative sprays of Yates Liquid Copper Fungicide. Timing of treatments are critical to prevent the spread of the disease. Please refer to the label for detailed information on how and when to apply Yates Liquid Copper Fungicide.
You may occasionally find leafhoppers on mango trees. If control is necessary, spray with Yates Nature’s Way Citrus & Ornamental Spray. If a concentrate is preferred, use Yates Pyrethrum Insect Pest Killer Concentrate. Fruit fly also find mangoes attractive. Control fruit fly early in the fruiting season by spraying the branches and foliage with Yates Nature’s Way Fruit Fly Control – do not spray the fruit.
If planting in a mango tree in a pot, look for dwarf varieties like 'Palmer' or 'Sensation'.
Looking to grow a mango from seed? It’s a fun project, but bear in mind that it can take between 5–10 years to reach fruiting maturity. If you’re going to try, use seed from Kensington Pride or Bowen mango as these will grow into a tree with the same characteristics as the parent tree.
For best results, collect seed as soon as the fruit has been removed from the tree. Here is a step-by-step guide to growing a mango tree from seed.