Grow

Beans - an easy to grow vegetable!

how-to-grow-beans

Growing vegies is such an exciting and rewarding process, but can be challenging at times! If you are looking for an easy to grow vegie, beans are an ideal solution. They are capable of producing outstanding yields, and suffer from few pests and diseases, making them a hassle free vegie great for beginners, and beloved by experienced gardeners.

Quick bean facts:

How do I grow beans?

Before planting the beans, take a little time to plan your garden. Ensure you have adequate space for the beans, and that they will be planted in the best position to encourage maximum growth. Preparing your soil is an important step, which can easily be done by digging some Yates Dynamic Lifter Organic Plant Food into the soil. This will ensure the foundation is well established for the beans, so you can have some lovely produce!

When growing beans, consideration needs to be given to two important factors: sunlight and drainage. Like all vegies, beans love sunlight and are susceptible to various problems if they receive insufficient light. Good drainage is equally important, as the bean seeds can rot if they are too cold or wet.

For the best success, follow these simple steps:

1. Wait until the soil has lost its chill
2. Water the bed well
3. Allow to drain overnight
4. Sow the seeds the following day while the soil is still moist

Good drainage is as equally important, as the bean seeds can rot if they are too cold or wet. If the soil seems like it is heavy or clayey, add some Yates Gypsum Clay Breaker, which will break up heavy soils causing it to become more friable.

What types of beans can I grow?

Beans come in a number of varieties, but are largely categorised into two types : dwarf or climbing.

Dwarf beans are great to grow, especially with kids as they are ready to pick within 8 to ten weeks. Although these low growers don’t need a trellis or fence to climb on, they will occasionally produce long, semi-climbing tendrils that will need to be pruned back. Sow new dwarf beans every couple of weeks through the warm weather.

Dwarf beans include:

If you are short on space, climbing beans are great space savers that can add a touch of greenery to your backyard. Sow climbing beans to grow on a fence or trellis, and be sure to space seeds 10 – 15cm apart.

Some great climbing beans to grow include:

How do I fertilise my beans?

Beans are a part of the legume family and can capture their own nitrogen from the atmosphere, meaning they don’t need a lot of fertiliser. To boost your beans, apply a soluble fertiliser when flowering starts, such as Thrive Easy Pods All Purpose Soluble Fertiliser. This is a fast acting fertiliser for strong healthy growth.

What are some common problems with beans?

Beans can be affected by diseases such as common blight and rust. With both of these fungal problems, the first signs of the disease appear on the leaves. Rust is easily identifiable by the many orange and red pustules on leaves or stems, which break open and release masses of spores. Beans can be protected by spraying with Yates Liquid Copper Fungicide, which will prevent the entry of fungal and bacterial spores.

As well as diseases, beans can also be attacked by quite a few pests. These include:

The likeliness of an infestation depends on the weather conditions and pest seasonality. Young bean seedlings should be protected from snails and slugs using Blitzem Snail and Slug Pellets.

What are the solutions for bean problems?

Gardener tips:

Vivienne Drummond, “Plant them in compost. The heat helps germinate them.”

Brian Carmichael, “Mulch soil to retain moisture; make sure that it is well-drained. Water regularly, from start of pod to set. Water on sunny days so foliage not remain soaked. Only fertilise after heavy bloom and set of pods.”

Louisa Johnstone, “Plant the seed and them leave them to be. Don’t overwater and when they pop say,‘welcome little beans.’”

Abbi Gottsche, “Plant 1 bean a week for a constant crop.”

Jane Walker, “For a 70+ solo woman, dwarf beans crop heavily, need no staking and are simple!”

Kristyn Blackley, “If it’s getting cold in the evening put a blanket on [made out of] thin horticulture material, so it’s like a sleeping bag for them.”


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