You can buy potted rose plants from the nursery almost all year round, except for winter, when they’re sold as bare-rooted roses. Bare-rooted roses can also be bought online, direct from the growers and breeders – browse and order through their catalogues in late autumn or early winter. And if you have family or friends who grow roses, read on to see how you can also grow roses from cuttings or seeds.
Plant roses in a spot that receives 6-8 hours of full sun.
Roses love rich, well-draining soils. Prior to planting, enrich the soil with plenty of organic matter, like Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser.
Once new growth appears in early spring, feed weekly throughout the growing season with a complete fertiliser like Yates Thrive Roses & Flowers Liquid Plant Food. It’s high in potassium to encourage flowering.
Water regularly and deeply throughout the warmer months. Ensure you mulch well with an organic mulch like sugarcane or lucerne to help keep the soil moist.
Remove spent flowers regularly to help encourage more blooms. In summer, lightly prune roses to encourage a second flush of blooms in autumn. Trim off around one-third of the overall growth and feed well with Yates Thrive Roses & Flowers Liquid Plant Food.
Pests and diseases
Roses are highly susceptible to the fungal disease Rose Black Spot. This fungus causes black spots to form on the foliage and if not treated, can spread and cause leaves to die. Spray early in the season with Yates Rose Gun Black Spot & Insect Killer or Yates Rose Shield Concentrate – these products contain a systemic fungicide that can help protect your roses from diseases like black spot and rust. To reduce the risk of infection, avoid overhead watering and treat at first sign of the disease.
Aphids, scale and mealy bugs also love roses. Treat aphids and mealy bugs with Yates Rose Gun Black Spot & Insect Killer or Yates Rose Shield Concentrate. To control scale, you will need to spray with Yates Pest Oil.
Prune roses in the depths of winter, cutting them back to around knee height. After pruning, spray with Yates Lime Sulphur to help clean up any pests and diseases and give the roses a fresh start to the new season.
Bare rooted roses (roses which are packed into plastic bags filled with sawdust) are available for planting in winter, whereas potted roses can be planted at other times of the year.
You don’t need a large space to have your very own rose garden. Many roses are perfectly suited to growing in pots, where they can be beautifully displayed on a veranda, courtyard or balcony. One of the many benefits of growing roses in pots is that they can be moved into the spotlight while they’re in full bloom. If you missed out on planting a bare rooted rose during winter, many gorgeous rose varieties are available in pots from garden centres during spring.
Roses can be propagated and grown from cuttings. You can take softwood cuttings in late spring or semi-hardwood cuttings in late summer (wood is relatively firm but still fairly flexible). It may be a few or many years before they flower, so if you’re patient and keen to try, here’s how:
Growing roses from seeds is more difficult than from cuttings. Seeds form in rose hips – small berry-like structures which may appear after flowering, if pollination is successful. The seeds may not be true to type (the same as the mother plant), especially if the plant is grafted or a hybrid. Still, if you wish to try, here’s how:
Different types of roses include: