Cacti & Succulents

Aeonium Succulents

aeonium-succulent

This unique genus of succulents form flat, saucer-shaped rosettes of shiny foliage. Aeonium arboreum can grow to a branched shrub up to 2 m high. A popular variety is ‘Schwarzkopf’, which has dark mahogany to burgundy foliage. These evergreen beauties flower from late winter to spring.
Aeoniums are predominantly native to the Canary Islands though some are found in Morocco and East Africa.

What you need to know

Position: Full sun to part shade but protected from frosts
Watering: Infrequent deep watering as required in hot dry conditions
Soil Type: Well drained
When to Grow: All year round

How to Grow Aeoniums a Garden

Step 1:
Choose a sunny spot with well drained soil. Enrich the soil with Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. In areas with heavy or clay soil, to help improve soil structure and drainage, add gypsum and mix in well.
Step 2:
Dig the planting hole twice as wide and to the same depth as the root-ball. Remove the plant from the container, gently tease the roots and cut away any circled or tangled roots.
Step 3:
Position in hole and backfill with soil, gently firming down. Form a raised or doughnut shaped ring of soil around the outer edge of the plant’s root zone. This helps keep water where it’s needed. Always water in well after planting to settle the soil around the roots and keep the soil moist for several weeks while the new plant establishes.
Step 4:
Mulch around the base with organic mulch like bark chips, sugarcane or pea straw, keeping it away from the trunk.
Step 5:
Water deeply, once or twice a week, depending on weather conditions.
Step 6:
Feed in Autumn and Spring with Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser to promote strong root development healthy colourful foliage.

How to Grow Aeoniums in a Pot

Step 1:
Pick a variety that can be grown in a pot. Choose a pot at least twice the width and depth of the rootball. Position in full sun.
Step 2:
Fill chosen pot with quality potting mix, such as Yates Premium Potting Mix with Dynamic Lifter. Remove the shrub from the container, gently tease the roots and cut away any circled or tangled roots.
Step 3:
Position in hole in centre of pot and backfill with potting mix, gently firming down. Water in well.
Step 4:
Water deeply, once or twice a week, depending on weather conditions.
Step 5:
Feed in Autumn and Spring with Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser to promote strong root development healthy colourful foliage.

Growing Tips

• Mixed with soft perennials they create ‘statues’ of sculptural interest in garden beds and can also work well planted amongst clumps of ornamental grasses such as Orange Sedge (Carex testacea). This combination creates a wonderful texture contrast and the deep purple Aeonium foliage works so well with the dusty orange foliage of the sedge.
This design tip comes from Phillip Withers, an award winning Australian landscape designer. For more information on Phillip’s inspiring garden designs visit www.phillipwithers.com
• Aeoniums are quite low maintenance, though enjoy a healthy winter prune to avoid getting leggy. They look best as a nice bushy round yet natural shape.
• As they get taller they lose the lower foliage and become sparse and leggy especially during hot humid summers.
• Pruning will not restore a dense bushy habit. Instead it is best to take cuttings and replace old plants with new, after 5 years. Do this in early summer, make sure the stems dry and callus (in a cool place out of direct sunlight) before placing into a sandy propagating mix, keep just moist until rooted then re-plant into your prepared garden bed or container.
• Prune the flowers back in late spring to tidy the plant.


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